Humanity has Palaeolithic Emotions, Medieval Institutions, and (through science) God-like Power"- "that is an extremely dangerous combination.
The argument here in this beautifully crafted quote is that there is both a disturbing and dark combination of attributes embedded in the core of human society, and little we can do about it without addressing the nature of our institutions.
# Palaeolithic Emotions There is little evidence that the emotional makeup of mankind has changed since palaeolithic times - though this remains an interesting question - straightdope.com
# God-like Power
The possibility of turning back the clock, or even slowing down progress of human invention and scientific progress is hard to conceive.
We have the ability to split the atom and change the nature of human and biological evolution, to create weapons that can destroy much of life on earth as we know it. Even if we sought to slow down or contain this knowledge in society, such an ability is outside of our current ethical frameworks and social ability.
# Royal Society
The Royal Society is an example of a medieval institution. In the podcast below we can see the state of the thinking, and the emphasis on political lobbying for increased funding and scientific independence * Key building blocks - blogs.royalsociety.org * What next research-and-innovation - royalsociety.org
http://downloads.royalsociety.org/events/2016/04/building-better-research-system/building-better-research-system.mp3#t=00:11:50 Building a better research system? Supporting excellence in post-Nurse structures - royalsociety.org
With regard to a critique of institutional structures it is hard to find a self-critical perspective in terms of the current state of research institutions and incentives within science.
http://downloads.royalsociety.org/events/2016/04/building-better-research-system/building-better-research-system.mp3#t=00:20:50 Professor Philippa Saunders on the importance of Collaborative Research in Science - royalsociety.org